Spelt & tahini soda bread

Posted in: DF, S, SF, V

For me, Soda bread’s a true winner: Yeast and hassle free (no sweat provoking kneading required), you can have a batch in the oven within 10 minutes. Genuinely. It’s so quick in fact, I’ve adjusted, binned and tweaked this ambitious (for someone who doesn’t make bread) combo countless times. I’m now ready to disclose.

Spelt & tahini soda bread recipe. Wholesome Seduction.


275g spelt flour
175g rice flour
1 tsp baking powder
1 tsp bicarbonate of soda
1tsp sea salt
1 tbsp tahini
250ml milk retain drizzle for to brush over top (based on semi skimmed milk)


Preheat oven to 190C / 375F / Gas 5. Sieve dry ingredients into a large bowl and mix to a soft dough with the milk. The dough should be slack but not wet.

Spelt & tahini soda bread recipe

Knead until smooth, form into a ball and flatten dough to 3 – 4” thick. Put on a greased baking tin and score a large cross o the top. Bake in the pre-heated oven for 35 – 40 mins.

The bread should still be quite moist in the centre due to the tahini so a knife shouldn’t come out clean. If you over cook, the bread will become dry quickly after cooling.

Serve warm or toasted with good, salty butter and soup. Or with Mum’s Seville orange marmalade.

The best thing since sliced bread, my EP article

To say Gail’s Artisan Bakery owners, Ran Avidan and Tom Molnar are passionate about bread would be an understatement. On moving to the UK, they struggled to find the ‘daily bread’ of France or Europe, instead being faced with a chemical laden, plastic wrapped alternative that, according to Ran, “It’s only by coincidence both are called bread”. So, instead of dropping their suggestions into Greggs, they left their McKinsey & Co jobs in favour of creating a local community bakery that would bring back the age-old art of bread to Londoners.

Tom & Ran, Gail's Artisan Bakery

In 2004, they teamed up with Gail Stephens, of Baker & Spice fame but found their dream was delayed as they took over the management of Gail’s wholesale business, The Bread Factory. As Tom explains, “We came into a company with great bakers, great product and great customers; but imagine the least profitable business you can, that’s a craft business. It’s not romantic at all. There’s no reward system in place and the wrong people often get pats on the back.” Within two years they had doubled turnover, built a new state of the art bakery and won the London Chamber of Commerce Turnaround Business of the Year award. They were now ready to resume their mission and the first Gail’s Artisan Bakery was born.

Now, I could be considered a Gail’s Geek. It’s my local coffee stop of choice and I’m yet to find a better wholesale muffin than that of The Bread Factory. But am I just buying into the cake displays worthy of an art gallery? It’s definitely a big part of the appeal. But what about the Gail’s name, and what does Artisan actually mean? There are no clear standards to use the artisan tag in the UK, hence it’s increasing popularity and perhaps subsequent ambiguity on what it promises. In essence, it’s simple; go back to the way bread was baked for thousands of years: natural ingredients, less haste and more hands… Oh and a stone oven for the perfect crumb (the inner part to you and I) and crust.

According to Ran, “In Europe 70 – 80% of bread consumed is artisan or craft and only 20 – 30% industrialized. In the UK, it’s the reverse”. If we buy bread once a week from the supermarket, it needs to be “full of additives and chemicals that will keep it alive, probably after we die”. Most packaged breads contain as many as 20 ingredients, the majority of which I defy you to find in the Oxford English Dictionary. A true craft loaf contains closer to 4: flour, water, yeast or starter and salt, and any ingredients added won’t require a chemistry degree to pronounce.

In fact, as Ran explains, it’s this “extensive modification of flour that makes breads harder to digest and many believe is responsible for the rise in illnesses such as coeliac. Lots of wheat intollerant people can eat spelt for example, as it’s the same as it was hundreds of years ago”. Indeed, I’ve heard it said that the Roman Empire was built on this ancient grain, but as Tom is quick to point out, “it gives a third of the yield of flour” and I wonder if this is something we’re prepared to pay for.

The key to good bread is in the fermentation. It’s here that the personality and flavour develop and as such, a craft bread is left to prove for up to 48 hours. A commercial loaf by contrast, can be mixed, baked, sliced and bagged in less than an hour, with the help of expanding and preserving additives and lots of machinery. Yep that’s right, from two and a half days to one hour.

For Tom there’s no contest, “there’s something very simple about bread. It can be done so well, just like good coffee, if you take a little bit of care and time. And why wouldn’t you?” By definition, an artisan is a worker skilled in an applied art, and on watching the Gails “master bakers” it’s no surprise that on average, they’ve been with Gail’s for well over 10 years. I was transfixed. While one transformed a stretch of dough into six inch strips at the speed of light with what looked like a cleaver (no cookie cutters here!), the other magically molded future ciabattas, entirely with his hands. “And all to within 5g when spot checked”, Ran proudly confirms.

When they took over The Bread Factory, Ran and Tom were under no illusions that their strengths lay in procedures and “asking questions”, not in the kitchen. As Tom admits, “We weren’t bakers or chefs, so we gave [the business] a lot of respect”. Throughout my tour of the building, the efficiency, H&S standards and mutual deference between baker and boss is evident. But all this must come at price and are we too conditioned to like the one stop shop sandwich bread?

Gail's Artisan Bakery. Wholesome Seduction.

For Ran it’s simple: “there’s no comparison between supermarket bread and true artisan. Just try it.” He has a point. On sourcing their 100% Rye for a restaurant, I confirmed with The Bread Factory twice that there was definitely no wheat – it tastes that good! Given that Gail’s is now in Waitrose, Ocado and Harvey Nichols, along with a host of London’s top restaurants, I’m evidently not the only one who thinks so.

So what about the future? With six existing sites and another in the pipeline this year, Ran and Tom’s quest to be London’s community baker is becoming a reality. “We’re against chains” Ran is quick to point out. “We want to be a non-chain, chain, with each store retaining it’s own personality. We’ve grown organically, focusing on labour and good ingredients and want to build a brand where when people are asked what’s great artisan bread, they say Gail’s.” Any regrets? The smiles are immediate, “No regrets”, then Tom adds, “I’d like to have a Sunday off”.

One thing’s for certain, old fashioned style fonts, crests and packaging don’t make an artisan bread and if it takes more than 3 seconds to read the ingredients, it’s not worthy of the name. But are we prepared to pay that little bit more for quality and do we have the time for our daily bread? Well, I’m converted. Ran and Tom’s passion for The Staff of Life is infectious and I intend to have my cake and eat it… although I wouldn’t rule out the aid of a freezer.

This article was first published in EP Magazine.

Mum’s (MAFF) Seville orange marmalade

Posted in: DF, Uncategorized, V, WF

Following on from last week’s post The jam co-operative, here’s the promised 1929 recipe for Seville orange marmalade. Taken from The Ministry of Agriculture Fisheries & Food, HMSO Bulletin 21: Home Preservation of Fruit & Vegetables. Tested, tweaked, tasted and approved by Mum Garcia.

MAFF 1929 Guide, Marmalade. Wholesome Seduction

Makes 10 jars


1.4 kg Seville oranges
4.5 – 6 pts water
2.7 kg sugar
1 tsp citric acid or tartaric acid. Or juice of 2 lemons


Scrub, scald and peel the fruit.

Making MAFF Marmalade. Wholesome Seduction.

Cut the peel into shreds, first removing some of the pith if thick. This is where we enlisted the ingenious Magimix shredder blade:

Magimix Marmalade

Put the shredded peel, acid and half the water in a jam pan (I use lemons and grate some peel into the pan too). Bring to the boil and simmer gently for about 2 hours or until the peel is tender. Add more water if you think it’s needed.

Cut the rest of the fruit and pith coarsely. Simmer with the rest of the water in a closed pan for 1.5 hrs then strain through a colander. Alternatively, rub the pulp through a fine sieve for a very thick marmalade.

Add the strained pulp to the peel, bring to the boil and cook off excess water if necessary. Add the sugar, stir until dissolved then boil rapidly until setting point is reached. To test: Put a tsp full onto a plate and allow to cool slightly. If the jam wrinkles when you press gently with your finger, it’s ready.

Remove the scum from the top, allow the marmalade to cool slightly and pour into warm jars – cooling prevents the peel from rising in the jars.

Seville orange marmalade

Cover with waxed circles while still hot and tie down when cold. If using plastic or metal lids, sterilize by boiling for 5 mins first and screw on immediately.


The jam co-operative

Posted in: Uncategorized

I had an early induction on street food. Pioneering in nutrition, my mum would pitch up in a salubrious Black Isle (a peninsula on the Scottish Highlands) square every Saturday to sell home grown fruit and veg. Decent varieties of which were harder to come by without the use of the Inverness ferry (and a very long queue) in the, ahem, 1970s.

Netherton Farm Jam & marmalade

Not limited just to veggies, I’d help mum sell our home-made jams, chutneys, marmalades and spun wool (I kid you not) from the neighbour’s burger van. The rest of the week Pat would use said vehicle to supply highlanders with gourmet venison burgers; you see, we Scots don’t just eat deep fried Mars bars!

In those days street food was somewhat less en vogue; one well-heeled village resident promptly enlisted the local bobby to deal with the mobile people. I can only imagine the shame at Granny Mac’s charity lunches; wasn’t procreating with a Spanish drummer rogue enough? Mindful of his duties, our diligent PC promptly marched over to Mrs Garcia-Macintyre and with a broad Scottish accent, and a hint of a chuckle, demanded a passion fruit.

One area where Rebel Garcia and Matriarch Macintyre et al saw eye to eye though, was on the caliber of preserves we purveyed. With the help of a 1929 MAFF guide, mum’s marmalade at least, has never been cause for debate.

The Ministry of Agriculture Fisheries & Food, HMSO Bulletin 21: Home Preservation of Fruit & Vegetables.

Ministry of Agriculture, Farming & Fisheries Guide

Mother Garcia’s cherished (and sous chef crayoned) 1970’s copy talked her through jamming, canning and bottling in preparation for the winter months; and a Wholesome Seduction child is born.

Mrs Garcia now serves her wares, along with Netherton Farm eggs (more free-range than I feel is entirely necessary) with Wild boar cross Tamworth sausages and bacon at B&B Netherton Farm.

Netherton Farm Eggs & Wild Boar Sausage

My Home-made soda & tahini bread, Wild boar cross Tamworth sausages, Netherton Farm eggs and Mum’s chutney.

It’s getting a little late in the day but you should still be able to get your hands on Seville oranges for MAFF Marmalade next week.